Total nonfarm payroll employment declined by 131,000 in July, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 9.5%, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics reported recently. Federal government employment fell, as 143,000 temporary workers hired for the decennial census completed their work. Private-sector payroll employment edged up by 71,000.
Both the number of unemployed persons, at 14.6 million, and the unemployment rate, at 9.5%, were unchanged in July.
Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult men (9.7%), adult women (7.9%), teenagers (26.1%), whites (8.6%), blacks (15.6%), and Hispanics (12.1%) showed little or no change in July. The jobless rate for Asians was 8.2%, not seasonally adjusted.
In July, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was little changed at 6.6 million. These individuals made up 44.9% of unemployed persons.
The civilian labor force participation rate (64.6%) and the employment-population ratio (58.4%) were essentially unchanged in July; however, these measures have declined by 0.6 percentage points and 0.4 points, respectively, since April.
The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged over the month at 8.5 million but has declined by 623,000 since April. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.
About 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force in July, an increase of 340,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.
Among the marginally attached, there were 1.2 million discouraged workers in July, up by 389,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.