This week’s question comes from Matthew, a business owner. I read that we need to cover employees for unemployment purposes based on “Localization of Services”. What is Localization of Services? Answer: The general rule for employees who work in more than one state is that employees should be covered by only one state to prevent employers from paying tax in two or more states for the same employee. To determine which state, employers should look at four factors, in the following order:
- Localization of Services
- Base of Operations
- Place of Direction or Control
- Place of Residence
The employee is covered by the state under which that employee first qualifies using these factors. For example, if an employee is determined to be covered by a state under the Localization of Services test, the results of the remaining tests are irrelevant. Only if a determination cannot be made under the Localization of Services test does the employer consider the Base of Operations.
For the Localization of Services test, first determine if the employee performs all services entirely in one state. If yes, that state is the state where the employee will be covered. If not, determine if the services performed out of any state where the employee works are incidental (e.g., temporary or transitory) to the services performed in that state. If yes, that state is the state where the employee will be covered. If not, go to the Base of Operations test.
Contact Vision Payroll if you have further questions.